What are the Common Types of Personal Injury Cases?

personal injury claims

According to personal injury law, an individual who gets injured has the right to get compensated, especially if he or she got injured because of someone else’s intentional or negligent behavior. A personal injury case can result from a variety of different scenarios mentioned below.

Car Accident Cases

A majority of personal injury cases in the United States arise due to car accidents. Most car accidents happen because of someone’s negligence or incapability to follow rules. The individual whose carelessness leads to the accident is held financially responsible for the harm that is brought to another because of the accident they caused.

Medical Malpractice

There arise situations when medical specialists or health care professionals do not perform their work with skill and competence due to which a patient has to suffer. These cases are one of the most complex ones.

Slip and Fall Cases

Personal injury cases also include slip and fall injuries. It is the legal duty of property owners (or individuals renting a property) to have their premises safe and free of threats for the protection of those on the property. Not all kinds of injuries on the property lead to liability. The legal duty of a landowner varies depending on the events of the situation and the legislation of the state. Premises Liability laws determine the slip and fall injury claims.

Defamation: Libel and Slander

The act of assassinating an individual’s character, either in the form of libel or slander, is called defamation. Defamation refers to causing an injury to an individual’s reputation by making false accusations against them. The things a defamation plaintiff needs to prove depends upon who the plaintiff is and where and how the accusations or statements against the plaintiff were made. In most cases, one is required to prove that the statements made against the plaintiff were false.

Similarly, if a celebrity or public figure was involved in the incident, they are required to prove the hatred of those who made the statements against them. This refers to the need to demonstrate that the negative statements were intentionally made or were made with irresponsible disregard to the truth of the statement.

Dog Bites

In case a person gets bitten by a dog, the owner of the dog is held responsible. Laws relating to dog bites differ in different states. In some states, “one bite” rule subsists according to which the owner is held liable only if he or she knew that their dog has been showing an aggressive behavior and is prone to biting.

Assault, Battery and other Intentional Torts

Intentional torts refer to those personal injuries that do not result because of an unintentional act of negligence or carelessness but are done with the intention to harm the victim. These cases can also be treated as criminal cases, such as when an individual gets physically injured by another. The perpetrator will be facing criminal charges. Moreover, the victim can also file a personal injury lawsuit against the perpetrator in order to demand compensation for the damages.